Code des Moeurs, ou la Prostitution Régénérée: regulating prostitution in 1830
Code des Moeurs, ou la Prostitution Régénérée, suivi du projet d'une maison de refuge pour les femmes publiques, dans leur intérêt personnel et celui de la Société. Soumis aux chambres par un Patriote. Paris, chez tous les libraires de Paris et des Départemens, 1830. Ca. 21,5 x 13,5 cm. 16 pp. Contemporary plain wrappers with the title in manuscript. The wrappers damaged and nearly detached, the paper browned and a few leaves damaged, otherwise in good condition.
Third copy located of a highly interesting pamphlet on the regulation of prostitution, written just after and in the spirit of the French Revolution of 1830.
It is explicitly directed against the strict policy of Claude Mangin, Prefecture of Police during the last days of the Restoration, whose infamous ordinance of 14 April 1830 had severely curtailed the liberty of prostitutes. The pamphlet cites the more liberal stance of Mangin's predecessor Louis-Marie de Belleyme as a better example of regulating prostitution.
The anonymous author proposes 50 rules and regulations, followed by a proposal for founding a house of refuge for former prostitutes. He (or she?) allows soliciting - strictly prohibited under Mangin - but restricts prostitution to authorized brothels ("maisons autorisées"), where prostitutes work for a fixed monthly salary of at least 30 Francs. The regulations further prohibit, amongst others, the prostitution of girls under 15 and prescribe the weekly medical examination of registered prostitutes.
The revenue of the pamphlet was intended for the "soulagement des victimes de la révolution de 1830".
Gay & Lemonnyer I, col. 608; HPB Database & WorldCat (2 copies); cf. Harsin, Policing Prostitution in Nineteenth-Century Paris, pp. 41-45.